CATEGORIES – CLASSIFICATION OF NOUN AND FURTHER CATEGORIES – NOUN – PART.3
Must visit the links below for previous art. for noun’s prior classification.
This category of noun is the name of quality, state, action, reality or such things, which cannot be touched, seen or heard, is called abstract noun.
Quality, action and state are its main categories;
Quality > honesty, kindness, brightness > any quality good or bad
State > childhood, dead, alive, sleep, poverty > any state that is reality but cannot be seen, touched or heard
Action > movement, laughter, judgment, verdict, policy > any action that cannot be touched, seen, heard
Life is not a bed of roses.
The students give honor to their teachers.
Have a sound sleep.
Love makes delicate things, easier.
Honesty is the best policy.
In above examples bold words are abstract noun, from which, honesty is a quality, sleep is a state, while policy is an action.
Basically noun has 5 main categories as mentioned above, but it has many other categories like gender, number, countable, uncountable. These are shortly described as follows;
It tells the gender/ sex of a noun that whether noun is a masculine/ male, feminine/ female, or neuter gender.
i.e, masculine > boy i.e, of male sex, feminine > girl i.e, of female sex and baby > neuter gender i.e, either masculine or feminine (used as one or same)
Similarly lion > lioness, man > woman, fox > vixen, singer, teacher, child etc are some examples.
On the basis of number a noun can either be single or more than one. i.e, singular or plural respectively
Singular noun contains one noun while plural noun contains two or more nouns together.
Tree > trees, girl > girls, book > books etc are some example of singular, plural nouns.
The nouns that can be counted in numbers are called countable nouns.
i.e, books, chairs, trees, balls, bags > countable nouns
The nouns that cannot be counted in numbers but physical measurements are used to measure them, are called uncountable nouns.
i.e, sugar, milk, rice, water, flour > uncountable nouns